### PHYSICS CORE

*Take one of the following options below:*

OPTION 1: *
*

**PC-202** Intro Physics I

A calculus-based introduction to the basic principles of mechanics (including periodic motion and dynamics), heat and thermodynamics, and special relativity.

3 CreditsN, QM, WK-FR**Corequisite: PC-202L. Corequisite or Prerequisite: MA-130 or MA-230.**

*
*

**PC-202L** Intro Physics Lab I

This lab is a calculus-based introductory laboratory experience that is designed to accompany PC-202. Individual experiments will correlate with the course, including kinematics, Newton's Laws, energy, and momentum.

1 CreditN**Corequisite: PC-202. Prerequisite or corequisite: MA-130 or MA-230.**

OPTION 2:

**PC-204** University Physics

A calculus-based introduction to the basic principles of mechanics (including periodic motion, statics, and dynamics), heat and thermodynamics, and special relativity. This course includes an integrated introductory laboratory experience. This course is designed to be taken by students interested in a Program of Emphasis in Physics or Engineering Physics.

4 CreditsN, QM, WK-FR**Pre- or Co-requisites: MA-130; FYC-101**

*Take the following courses:*

*
*

**PC-203** Intro Physics II

A calculus-based introduction to basic principles of electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves and optics. Additional topics may include atoms and molecules, nuclear physics, relativity and solid state physics.

3 CreditsN, QM**Prerequisite: Take PC-202 or PC-204. Corequisite: PC-203L.**

*
*

**PC-203L** Intro Physics Lab II

An algebra-based introductory laboratory experience designed to accompany PC-203. The individual experiments will involve topics in circuits, light and optics, and nuclear physics.

1 CreditN**Prerequisite: PC-202 or PC-204. Corequisite: PC-203.**

**PC-209** Electronics

An introduction to the theory and application of analog and digital electronics, starting with basic AC and DC circuits. The unit explains the principles of operation of the power supply, amplifier, oscillator, logic circuits, micro controllers, and other basic circuits. An associated laboratory component allows construction of and measurements on the circuits under consideration. Note: a special fee is assessed.

3 CreditsN** **

**PC-300** Intermediate Physics Lab

The origin and progress of physics in the 20th century, including relativity and quantum theory with applications in atomic and molecular physics, nuclear physics, elementary particles and possibly some solid state physics. (Previously titled Modern Physics Lab)

3 CreditsN, CW**Prerequisites: MA-230 and PC-203. Corequisite: PC-301.**

**PC-301 ** Modern Physics

The origins and progress of Physics in the 20th century, including relativity and quantum theory with applications in atomic and molecular physics, nuclear physics, elementary particles and possibly some solid state physics. (Previously titled Theoretical Modern Physics)

3 CreditsN**Prerequisite: MA-230 or PC-203. Pre- or co-requisite: MA-235.**

*Take at least 8.00 additional credits from the Physics (PC) or Astronomy (AS) departments
at the 300 or 400 level.*

### MATHEMATICS CORE

*Take the following courses:*

*
*

**MA-116** Discrete Structures

Introduces mathematical structures and concepts such as functions, relations, logic, induction, counting, and graph theory. Their application to Computer Science is emphasized.

4 CreditsN, Q**Pre-requisite high school algebra.**

*
*

**MA-130** Calculus I

An introduction to calculus including differentiation and integration of elementary functions of a single variable, limits, tangents, rates of change, maxima and minima, area, volume, and other applications. Integrates the use of computer algebra systems, and graphical, algebraic and numerical thinking.

4 CreditsN, QM

**MA-160** Linear Algebra

An introduction to systems of linear equations, matrices, determinants, vector spaces, linear transformations, eigenvalues, and applications.

3 CreditsN, QM**Prerequisites: MA130.**

**MA-230** Calculus II

Expands the treatment of two-space using polar and parametric equations. Emphasizes multivariable calculus, including vectors in three dimensions, curves and surfaces in space, functions of several variables, partial differentiation, multiple integration, and applications.

4 CreditsN, QM**Prerequisite: MA130**

**MA-235** Calculus III

A continuation of the calculus sequence. Topics include methods of integration by Simpson's Rule, applications, Taylor and Fourier series; introduction to ordinary differential equations; integration in polar, cylindrical, and spherical coordinates; differential and integral vector calculus.

4 CreditsN, QM**Prerequisites: MA230.**

**MA-335** Differential Equations

Theory and application of ordinary differential equations. Emphasis on modern qualitative techniques, with numerical and analytical approaches used when appropriate. Contains a brief introduction to partial differential equations.

4 CreditsN, QM**Prerequisites: MA130 and MA230 and MA235 or MA233.**

**MA-341** Scientific Computing

This course begins with an introduction to fundamental concepts in Scientific Computing and concludes with domain-specific projects in areas like Bioinformatics, Data Science, Physical Systems, and Numerical Analysis. The common content will include command-line interfaces (Linux), programming languages (Jupyter/Python), numerical and graphical libraries (NumPy and Matplotlib), version-control (Git/Github), and relational databases (SQL).

3 CreditsN**Pre-Req: CS-110**

### COMPUTER SCIENCE CORE

*Take the following courses:*

**CS-110 ** Computer Science I

An introductory study of computer science software development concepts. Python is used to introduce a disciplined approach to problem solving methods, algorithm development, software design, coding, debugging, testing, and documentation in the object oriented paradigm. This is the first course in the study of computer science.

3 CreditsN,CTGES,CTGIS**Recommended programming experience or IT110 or IT100, IT111 or IM110 or MA103 but
not necessary. **

**CS-240 ** Computer Science II

A continued study of computer science foundations as begun In Computer Science I. An object-oriented language such as JAVA is used to develop and implement large programs involving various data structures and data abstraction as exemplified by packages and modules. Search, sorting, advanced data structures, programming methodology and analysis are emphasized.

4 CreditsN**Prerequisites: CS110 and MA116 or MA210. **

### CAPSTONE

*Take one of the following courses below:*

*
*

**PC-450 ** Physics Research I

An opportunity for the student to do an independent research project under the guidance of a faculty member. Note: listed as Research: (title); may be taken multiple times for credit. Prerequisite: permission.

1-4 CreditsN** **

*
*

**AS-450** Astronomy Research II

Observational, computational, or theoretical research into a topic in astronomy or astrophysics, under the guidance of a faculty member. A formal written report and public presentation of research results are required. May be taken multiple times for credit.

2-4 Credits**Pre-requisites: AS-350 and permission of instructor.**

**ND-498** Natural Sciences Capstone

The natural sciences capstone course is appropriate for any student in the natural sciences needing to fulfill the capstone requirement of the Juniata Curriculum. The course may be taken by any student with a natural sciences POE in their last 30 credits at Juniata. Offered asynchronously online, the course will be graded satisfactory/unsatisfactory. Guided by a series of tutorial videos, students are required to submit an up-to-date resume and two portfolio contributions. Through these assignments, students will reflect on how their Juniata experience has shaped their intellectual and personal growth.

1 Credit

#### POE Credit Total = 60

Students must complete at least 18 credits at the 300/400-level. Any course exception must be approved by the advisor and/or department chair.